Jumat, 30 Maret 2012


Hai…..readers,,how are you ?
Now I will share about Direct and Inderct Speech.
Ini udah ga asing buat kita semua,dalam perakapan sehari –hari kita sering menggunakan kalimat langsung ataupun kalimat tidak langsung.Saat kita berbicara langsung itu merupakan kalimat langsung,namun jika kita menyampaikan atau mengulang pembicaraan seseorang itu merupakan kalimat tidak langsung.Dalam Bahasa Inggris ada beberapa aturan atau tatanan kalimat untuk kalimat langsung dan tidak langsung.Untuk lebih jelasnya mari simak uraian berikut ini.
Happy reading guys…..

Direct and Indirect Speech
Direct speech refers to reproducing another person’s exact word oe saying exactly what someone has said(sometimes called quoted speech) here what a peson says appears within quotation marks(“….”) and should be word for word.

Example of Direct Speech :
1. Yuni said, “I’m very busy .”
2. They said, “We have bought a picture.”
3. He said, “I am learning my lesson.”
4. Lisa says, “I got the first prize.”
5. You said, “I will come to help him.”
6. Ridha will say, “I will do my best.”

Indirect speech : refers to reproducing the idea of another persons word.
Indirect speech have 3 kinds. you can see it now guys !
Indirect speech refers to reproducing the idea of another person’s words that doesn’t use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn’t have to be word for word.

Indirect speech is sometimes called reported speech.
The tense usually changes when reporting speech. This is because we are usually talking about a time in the past and obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past.

There are 3 kinds of indirect speech :

1. Imperrative (command/request)
2. interrogative (question)
3. Declarative (statement)

Example :

1. Imperrative (command / request)

Direct   : Mrs. Santi said to Dina, "Don't wory about it."
Indirect : Mrs. Santi told Dina not to wory about it.

2. Interrogative (question)

Direct   : Risa asked to Nico, "Are you a journalist?"
Indirect : Risa asked if / whether He was journalist.

3. Declarative (statement)

Direct   : Mr. Harry said, "I worked hard yesterday."
Indirect : Mr. Harry said that he worked hard the day before.

In comand sentences, direct speech can changed to indirect speech with change "Said" to be "Ordered", "Told", and "Forbade".

  Changing Tense for Main Clause



Simple present
Simple Past
Present continuous
Past Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Past
Past perfect
Past Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Future
Past Future
Future Continuous
Past Future Continuous
Future Perfect
Past Future Perfect
Future Perfect Continuous
Past Future Perfect Continuous
Past Future Perfect
Past Future Perfect
Past Future Continuous
Past Future Perfect Continuous

Changing Adverb (Time)




That day

That night

The day after
Next Week

The following week
Next Year

The following year
Two Days Later

Two days after

The day before
Last Night

The night before
Two Days ago

Two days before



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